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2006-05-20 09:40:34|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Saddam Hussein's fourth novel, which was reportedly completedon the eve of the US-led invasion of Iraq in 2003, has beenpublished in Japan.
The manuscript of Devil's Dance, which tells the story of anheroic Arab tribesman who defeats a Judaeo-Christian plot to takeover his town, was smuggled out of Iraq by his eldest daughter,Raghad.
She arranged for its publication in Jordan last year, printing10,000 copies for a launch; however, the book was subsequentlybanned by the Jordanian authorities. Ahmad Al-Qudah, the head ofJordan's press and publications department, cited fears forIraqi-Jordanian relations in his explanation of why Jordan wouldnot approve publication. "If they want to publish it they have todo it abroad," he said.
Despite the ban, bootleg copies of the novel have soldextremely well, and it was reportedly serialized in theLondon-based Arabic newspaper, Ash-Sharq al-Awsat. Critics,however, have described it as "boring" and "incoherent", and viewedit as evidence that Saddam had lost touch with reality at the timeof writing. Some have found echoes of the continuing conflict inIraq in its depiction of an ancient tribe living along theEuphrates that drives out an invading force through a campaign ofresistance.
A Japanese journalist, Itsuko Hirata, obtained the manuscriptfrom Saddam Hussein's lawyer, who gave her permission to publishit. She has called for the former Iraqi leader's life to be spared."He is a witness to the war and a witness to the troubled relationsbetween Iraq and the US," she told the Associated Press. "I'd liketo see him live to tell his tale."
Devil's Dance is the second novel by the former dictator tohave appeared in Japan. His first, which was originally publishedanonymously in Iraq in 2001, is a story of loveless marriage, rapeand death in which a mighty king gives up a life of luxury for thesake of his people.
Saddam Hussein's trial, in which he stands accused ofresponsibility for the deaths of 148 Shiites and the imprisonmentof hundreds of others, continues in Baghdad.
A novel supposedly finishedby    Saddam Hussein the day before the U.S. invasion was on sale Fridayin Japanese bookstores, telling the story of a Euphrates Rivertribe that ousts an invading force 1,500 years ago.
The manuscript for the book, titled "Akuma No Dance" ("Devil'sDance") in Japan, was carried outof    Iraq by Saddam's eldest daughter, Raghad, when she fled to Jordanjust before the U.S.-led invasion, according to Tokyo-based TokumaShoten Publishing Co.
Raghad has said previously her father finished the novel onMarch 18, 2003 — a day before the war began. Tokuma Shoten says itis the first publisher in the world to put out the novel, which isSaddam's fourth.
How the proceeds from Japan sales will be shared betweenpublisher and author was not immediately known. Tokuma Shoten hasprinted a first run of 8,000 copies of the 256-page book, priced atthe equivalent of $14.
Jordan last year banned publication of the novel, known thereas "Get Out, Damned One," due to political concerns.
"Akuma No Dance" is the second novel attributed to Saddam tobe sold in Japan after "Zabibah and the King," which tells thestory of a leader who sacrifices a luxurious life for the sake ofhis people.
Saddam also has been credited with writing "The FortifiedCitadel" and "Men and a City."
The former Iraqi leader currently is on trial in Baghdad forthe death of 148 Shiites and the imprisonment of hundreds of othersin a crackdown following a 1982 assassination attempt against him.He could face execution by hanging if convicted.
The translator of "Akuma No Dance," Itsuko Hirata, obtainedthe manuscript from one of Saddam's lawyers along with approval totranslate the book into Japanese.
Hirata, who has written several books on Middle Easternleaders, was quoted by Japan's Kyodo News agency as saying shebelieved Saddam expected to lose the looming war and wrote thenovel "as a message aimed at raising morale among Iraqipeople."
Hirata also told The Associated Press that Saddam was animportant witness to world history who should not be sentenced todeath.
"I'd like to see him live to tell his tale," she saidTuesday.
Peter Viereck, a noted historian, a Pulitzer Prize-winningpoet and a founder of the mid-20th-century American conservativemovement who later denounced what he saw as its late-20th-centuryexcesses, died on Saturday at his home in South Hadley, Mass. Hewas 89.
Professor Viereck, who had been in declining health for someyears, died in his sleep, his daughter, Valerie Viereck Gibbs,said.
A specialist in Russian history, Professor Viereck was an emeritusprofessor at Mount Holyoke College, where he had taught since 1948.He received the Pulitzer Prize in 1949 for his first collection ofpoems, "Terror and Decorum" (Scribner, 1948).
Professor Viereck is also widely credited with helping tobring conservatism out of the margins and into the mainstream as anintellectual movement. In books and articles throughout the 1940'sand 50's, he condemned what he saw as the hidebound utopianism ofMarxist thinking. As he wrote in "The Unadjusted Man" (BeaconPress, 1956):
"The liberal sees outer, removable institutions as theultimate source of evil; sees man's social task as creating a worldin which evil will disappear. His tools for this task are progressand enlightenment. The conservative sees the inner unremovablenature of man as the ultimate source of evil; sees man's socialtask as coming to terms with a world in which evil is perpetual andin which justice and compassion will both be perpetually necessary.His tools for this task are the maintenance of ethical restraintsinside the individual and the maintenance of unbroken, continuoussocial patterns inside the given culture as a whole."
Professor Viereck's brand of conservatism shunned extremism ofeither stripe. He was an admirer of the New Deal, a supporter ofAdlai Stevenson and an anti-Communist who made it clear that he hadlittle use for Senator Joseph R. McCarthy.
In a profile in The New Yorker last year, Professor Vierecksaid he thought his book "Conservatism Revisited: The RevoltAgainst Revolt, 1815-1949" (Scribner, 1949) "opened people's mindsto the idea that to be conservative is not to be satanic." Headded, referring to William F. Buckley Jr., "Once their minds wereopened, Buckley came in."
Peter Robert Edwin Viereck was born in Manhattan on Aug. 5,1916. He earned a bachelor's degree in 19th-century history andliterature from Harvard in 1937. He continued on there for amaster's degree in European history in 1939 and a Ph.D. in the samefield in 1942.
In World War II, he was an Army intelligence analyst, studyingNazi propaganda. At the time, his father, George Sylvester Viereck,a Nazi propagandist, was in federal prison.
A German-born newspaperman and poet, the elder Mr. Viereck hadremained loyal to his homeland through two world wars. In early1942, he was convicted of withholding material facts from the StateDepartment when he registered as a foreign agent; he served fouryears.
The year before, Peter Viereck had published his first book,"Metapolitics: From the Romantics to Hitler" (Knopf, 1941), acondemnation of Nazi ideology that traced its roots back to the19th-century Romanticism that suffused the work of Wagner andothers.
He remained estranged from his father for many years.
By the early 1950's, Professor Viereck had begun to criticizeconservatism's course. Reviewing Mr. Buckley's first book, "God andMan at Yale" in The New York Times Book Review in 1951, he wrote,"The author irresponsibly treats not only mild social democracy buteven most social reform as almost crypto-Communism."
In 1978, he published an updated edition of "ConservatismRevisited" (Greenwood Press) that added a section titled "The NewConservatism: What Went Wrong?"
At his death, Professor Viereck was at work on two books,"Strict Wildness: Discoveries in Poetry and History" and"Transplantings," translations and criticism of German poetry. Bothare scheduled to be published within the year by TransactionPublishers.
He was twice married to, and twice divorced from, Anya deMarkov. He is survived by his wife, Betty Falkenberg; his twochildren with Ms. de Markov, JohnAlexis, of Culver City, Calif.,and Ms. Gibbs, of Columbus, Ohio; three grandchildren; and onegreat-grandchild.
As a poet, Professor Viereck drew mixed, sometimes perplexed,reviews. His work combined lyrical and pastoral preoccupations witha parodic wit that some critics found delightful and others foundstrained. Here is the opening of "To a Sinister Potato," whichsends up Keats's "Ode on a Grecian Urn":
O vast earth-apple, waiting to be fried.
Of all life's starers the most many-eyed.
What furtive purpose hatched you long ago
In Indiana or in Idaho?
But he was also known for serious verse, notably "Archer inthe Marrow" (Norton, 1987), a book-length cycle that took 20 yearsto complete. In 1995, Professor Viereck published "Tide andContinuities: Last and First Poems, 1995-1938" (University ofArkansas). Much of the collection dealt with the ravages oftime:
Though life ails just a day faster than art allays,
Though age rots art before it can learn to sing true,
Sing anyhow. Continue.
Peter R. Viereck, a Pulitzer Prize-winning poet who wasconsidered an important figure in the development of modernconservatism before becoming disheartened by the movement, has diedafter a long illness, according to Mount Holyoke College where hewas a longtime professor. He was 89.
Viereck won the Pulitzer for poetry in 1949 for his first book ofpoems, "Terror and Decorum: Poems 1940-1948."
He received Guggenheim Fellowships in both poetry and history andwas the author of articles, essays, and books about history,cultural and political analysis, and poetry, including"Metapolitics: From the Romantics to Hitler," "ConservatismRevisited: The Revolt against Revolt, 1815-1949," and "StrictWildness: Discoveries in Poetry and History."
"Professor Viereck excelled in many fields. He was anexcellent poet, a superb historian, and an extraordinary teacherwho touched the lives of generations of Mount Holyoke students,"school President Joanne V. Creighton said in a statement. "He was aprofound thinker who helped influence the course of Americanculture and political life."
Viereck was disappointed by the reaction to Sen. JosephMcCarthy, R-Wis., who gained notoriety for his communist witchhunts in the 1950s, according to a 2005 New Yorker magazineprofile, "The First Conservative: How Peter Viereck Inspired -- andLost -- a Movement."
Viereck was quoted as saying in the article that McCarthy was"a menace" because "he corrupted the ethics of Americanconservatives, and that corruption leads to the situation we havenow.
"It gave the conservatives the habit of appeasing the forcesof the hysterical right and to looking to these forces -- andappeasing them knowingly, expediently. I think that was theoriginal sin of the conservative movement, and we are all sufferingfrom it," Viereck said.
Viereck was born in New York City and attended the Horace MannSchool for Boys before earning a bachelor's, master's and doctoratein history from Harvard.
After a stint in the Army during World War II, he taught atHarvard and Smith College before landing at Mount Holyoke in 1948.He retired in 1987, but continued to teach through 1997.
Viereck is survived by his second wife, Betty FalkenbergViereck; two children, John Alexis Viereck and Valerie ViereckGibbs; three grandchildren and one great grandchild. His first wifewas the late Anya de Markov.
An on-campus memorial service is planned
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